Healthcare industry has now widen up its scope to newer fields as per the necessities of modern era. New terms and therapies are being invented for a healthy living and widely being accepted as professions. Occupational Therapy (OT) and Physical Therapy (PT) are two of them. Many people have a misconception about these two fields that they both are same. But the fact is, both are totally different yet related professions. So, let’s find out what’s the difference and relationship between Occupational and Physical Therapy.
What is Occupational Therapy?
Occupational therapy, abbreviated as OT, tends to focus on evaluating and improving the conditions affecting a person’s functional abilities ranging from self-care to high-level job related activities. An occupational therapist is trained to modify the physical environment by analyzing patient’s everyday activities and help them to recover skills for daily living and working. In short, helping people engage in meaningful activities of daily living (ADLs) is the prime goal of occupational therapists.
An Occupational therapist can treat people with a big variety of problems, such as neurological, psychological, or motor problems. Occupational therapists can also design and build special equipment for patients with permanent disabilities to help them improve their lives at home and at work. They are invaluable in demonstrating the use of equipment such as wheelchairs, eating and dressing aids to such patients.
Work areas for occupational therapists include hospitals, private clinics, public schools, industrial health centers, community health centers, rehabilitation centers, pediatric centers, mental health facilities, nursing homes, home health agencies, research institutions, colleges and universities.
What is Physical Therapy?
Physical therapy (also called as Physiotherapy), abbreviated as PT, focuses on examining, evaluating and diagnosing movement dysfunctions as well as treating a person’s injury itself. The remediation of impairments and disabilities in this health care profession are carried out by physical therapists (aka physiotherapists) and physical therapist assistants.
PT management commonly includes prescription of or assistance with manual therapy, specific exercises, education, manipulation and other physical interventions. This therapy is helpful for individuals of all ages, from newborns to the oldest, having illnesses, injuries, medical problems or other health-related conditions that limit their abilities to move and perform daily functional activities.
Work areas for physical therapists include hospitals, private clinics, industrial health centers, community health centers, rehabilitation centers, sports facilities, nursing homes, home health agencies, schools or pediatric centers, research institutions, colleges and universities.
How Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy are related to each other?
Although the two healthcare professions have differences in their focus but still they both are related to each other. Check this out:
- Main similarity between Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy is that both are meant to treat and rehabilitate patients with chronic medical conditions.
- Occupational therapists are involved in educating people on how to prevent and avoid injuries, as well as educating people about healing processes, just like physical therapists do.
Though having some grey areas where these two professions overlap, both are specialized in their areas of expertise and hence play very important roles in healthcare industry. Now, when you know what these two therapies are meant for, help others as well to get the right information.